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The cause of fibroids is not well understood. Risk factors include a family history of fibroids, obesity, or early onset of puberty. Symptoms include excessive menstrual bleeding, prolonged periods, and abdominal pain. In some cases, no symptoms appear. Treatment includes medication and fibroid removal.
Adenomyosis often occurs late in the postpartum years and usually disappears after menopause. Occasionally, adenomyosis can cause heavy or prolonged menstrual bleeding, severe cramping, pain during intercourse, or blood clots during periods. Some medications can help reduce pain or reduce excessive bleeding. Hysterectomy is the only treatment.
Causes of postpartum hemorrhage include loss of uterine muscle tone, bleeding disorder, or complete rupture or rupture of the placenta. Symptoms include vaginal bleeding that does not slow down or stop. This can lower blood pressure. Treatment often includes uterine massage and medication. On rare occasions, transfusion, removal of residual placenta, or hysterectomy may be necessary.
Uterine arterial malformation (AVM) is a rare condition, with less than 100 cases reported in the literature. Despite being rare, it is a potentially life-threatening condition. The report of the case describes a 33-year-old woman who started bleeding after a secondary birth. Transabdominal ultrasound of the pelvis (US) showed multidirectional flow of the uterus and an enlarged vascular with a major artery located on the left side wall. She also retained the pregnancy product, making the diagnosis complicated.
Pelvic congestion syndrome is a condition that causes severe abdominal pain. This is believed to be due to nerve problems in the abdominal area. This is the lower part of your abdomen. Blood vessels are the blood vessels that carry blood back to the heart. In some women, the nerves in the lower abdomen may stop working well. Blood can form inside the blood vessels. When this happens, the veins in your abdomen can grow and change shape, like varicose veins. This can lead to pain and other symptoms of pelvic congestion syndrome.
The placenta grows in your uterus (uterus) and supplies food and oxygen to the baby through the navel. Normally, the placenta grows on the top of the uterus and stays there until your baby is born. In the last stages of labor, the placenta separates from the uterine wall and your contractions help push it into the vagina (birth canal). This is also called postpartum.
Endovascular surgery is an innovative, less invasive procedure used to treat problems that affect blood vessels, such as aneurysms, which cause the artery to swell or "swell." Surgery involves making a small incision near each hip to access the blood vessels.
Some questions regarding to above treatments.